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Recommended Readings

War Crimes Against Southern Civilians

Co. Aytch, Sam Watkins

Diary of a Confederate Soldier, John S. Jackman

Manassas to Appomattox, Edgar Warfield

Johnny Green of the Orphan Brigade: The Journal of a Confederate Soldier

Memoranda on arrest of J. McDonald, Moorefield, Virginia. 1862

J. McDonald.-Born in Hardy County, Va.; lives six miles from Moorefield, on Looney Creek; age twenty-eight. Says after State went out of the Union he wanted to go with the State, but was persuaded by leading men to join the home guard. Was advised by others not to join it. Joined the home guard at Greenland. Says he was four days with them at Shells' Gap. He received a musket and bayonet. The evening before his arrest he went home to get his supper. Returned and stood guard at Rhinehart's Mill. Was arrested next morning by the Rockbridge Cavalry. Was arrested on Saturday, the 6th of September, he thinks. On Monday afterward the first raid was made on Petersburg. Had not heard anything since about this attack on Petersburg before he was arrested. Says the home guard had some beef-cattle, which he was informed were taken from one of the Weltons, a secessionist. The muskets issued to the company came from Wheeling. I think this man should be held as a prisoner of war.

SOURCE: Official Records of the War of the Rebellion, Series 2, Volume 2, pg. 1455

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