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Report of Section of Loudon Artillery of Battle of First Manassas, July 21, 1861.

Report of Capt. Arthur L. Rogers, Loudoun Artillery.

Sir: I have the honor to report that the first section of Loudoun Artillery, under my immediate command, was on the day of the battle of Manassas held in reserve until about 11 o'clock a.m., when by your order I proceeded to the crest of time hill on the west side of Bull Run, commanding stone bridge, from which [H. Gray] Latham's half battery had been withdrawn by Major Evans, to resist the enemys attack in front of our forces. Here I posted my section of artillery, and opened a brisk fire upon a column of the enemy's infantry, supposed to be two regiments, advancing towards me, and supported by his battery of rified cannon on the hills opposite. These poured into my section a steady fire of shot and shell. After giving them some fifty rounds I succeeded in heading his column, and turned it up Bull Run to a ford about one mile above stone bridge, where, with the regiments which followed, they crossed, and proceeded to join the rest of the enemys forces in front of the main body of our army. After having exhausted my ammunition I retired, with a section of the Louisiana Washington Artillery posted in my rear, to Lewis house, to replenish my limber boxes, having no caisson with my section and being supported by but a small force of infantry. By the time I had procured more ammunition the enemys fire ceased upon the right wing of the Army, upon which we were engaged.

The other section of my battery, under command of Lieutenant Heaton, was posted by Captain Harris, of the Engineers, on the west bank of Bull Run, on a bluff where it assisted in silencing the enemy's batteries in the pines opposite, and being ordered forward, was conducted by Captain Harris to a position in front of the enemy, upon the eastern verge of the plateau upon which Mrs. Henry's house is placed, and about six hundred yards distant therefrom, where it was posted, under a heavy fire, snpported by Colonel Smith's battalion of infantry. It kept up an effectual fire upon the enemy until its ammunition was also exhausted, when it retired to Lewis, for the purpose of replenishing.

My whole battery then being united, we received your order that we should leave it to the rifled cannon to fire at long range, as the enemy were retreating, and that we must cease firing; after which we were ordered by General Beauregard to Camp Walker, eight miles from the battle field, below Manassas Junction, with General Elzey's brigade, where we marched that night.

I refer to annexed statements of the casualties of the day. Casualties.-3 privates wounded, 1 supposed mortally; 2 horses wounded.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Commanding Loudoun Artillery.


Commanding Fifth Brigade.

SOURCE: Official Records of the War of the Rebellion, Series 1, Volume 2, pgs. 554-555

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